City Resilience Index

  • Cities are subject to a wide range of natural and man-made pressures that have the potential to cause significant disruption.
  • Building resilience in cities requires an understanding of both what contributes to resilience and how it can be measured.
  • City Resilience is the capacity of a city to function, so citizens survive and thrive no matter what stresses or shocks they encounter.

Resilience is a critical urban development agenda. Building resilience in cities requires an understanding of both what contributes to resilience and how it can be measured. To address this gap, Arup has developed the City Resilience Framework and the City Resilience Index with support from the Rockefeller Foundation. These tools provide cities with a comprehensive, accessible, technically robust and globally applicable basis for assessing and measuring resilience at a city scale.

Resilience Framework provides a holistic, practical and evidence-based definition of urban resilience. It identifies 12 goals or outcomes which contribute to the city’s ‘immune system’, across four critical dimensions of city resilience:

  • People: The health and well-being of everyone living and working in the city
  • Organisation: The systems within the economy and society that enable urban populations to live peacefully, and act collectively
  • Place: The quality of infrastructure and ecosystems that protect, provide and connect us
  • Knowledge: Appropriate leadership and strategy enabling the city to learn from the past and take timely action

The City Resilience Index provides a comprehensive and technically robust basis for measuring city resilience that is globally applicable. It comprises 52 resilience indicators which are assessed through 156 questions, drawing upon both qualitative and quantitative data. Responses to these questions are aggregated and presented according to the 12 goals of the Framework. To date the Index has been tested in five cities: Shimla, India; Concepcion, Chile; Arusha, Tanzania; Hong Kong, China; and Liverpool, UK. The City Resilience Index is available as an interactive online assessment tool at

Development of the Framework and Index has involved extensive research, expert consultation and city engagement across many countries. This is captured in a series of research reports and city case studies, available at the website.


  • The City Resilience IndexOpen gallery

    The City Resilience Framework provides a holistic and evidence-based lens through which the many factors that contribute to city resilience can be measured and understood.