Clearly, strengthening urban resilience will require considerable investment, something that is always a challenge for risk averse financial institutions. At the same time, bodies like the EU are prioritising climate related disclosures in financial reporting, which is reshaping how issues like resilience are understood by the market.

As a technical partner to many cities developing green action plans, Arup helps to make investments in resilience more robust, with comprehensive evaluation and assessment support. Our insights help leaders to prioritise and make the business case for spending on what are often emerging or future risks.

With increasing recognition of the link between financial capital and the natural capital that underpins our economy, we advise international banks and investors looking to redirect funding to nature-based solutions. We help to better value and enhance natural assets through funding criteria and open up economic opportunities for women and marginalised populations through nature-positive cities.