Graphic of circular two dimensional Earth with hydrogen symbol H2 at the centre; Graphic of circular two dimensional Earth with hydrogen symbol H2 at the centre;

National Hydrogen Infrastructure Assessment Australia,

Growing Australia’s hydrogen industry

Australia is accelerating its progress towards a competitive hydrogen industry, with an aim to position as a major global player by 2030.

Hydrogen has the potential to enhance Australia’s energy security, create new export markets, and reduce carbon emissions domestically and around the world. To realise this potential and make the most of our competitive advantage, significant and targeted supply chain investment is required.

Arup, in collaboration with Frontier Economics and the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (DISER) is leading Australia’s first National Hydrogen Infrastructure Assessment (NHIA), an early action in Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy.

Our role is to help identify the greatest net benefit by assessing Australia’s enabling infrastructure and determining the existing gaps and future opportunities in the supply chain. 

We have designed the assessment in five discrete stages: industry needs and analysis, demand forecast modelling, stakeholder engagement, techno-economic assessment, and multi-criteria assessment. The assessment findings and recommendations will be prepared for the Commonwealth and States and Territory governments.

Project Summary


5 discrete assessment stages

3scenarios investigating future hydrogen use

200+ government, industry, research, and community stakeholders engaged

Realising Australia’s hydrogen potential

The assessment takes a national approach to mapping and understanding Australia’s existing and planned enabling infrastructure, assessing every aspect of the supply chain from the generation of hydrogen through to manufacturing, storage, transportation, and end use. 

With no established industry from which to predict future growth, four potential emerging markets have been considered to help forecast demand for hydrogen in the next thirty years. These include hydrogen switching from natural gas and liquid fuel, hydrogen representing new demand, advancement, hydrogen as maritime shipping fuel, and hydrogen export. Three demand scenarios: low, central, and high, spanning eight different sectors are being modelled to investigate and identify ‘no regrets’ investment opportunities. 

We are developing a techno-economic model to assess various supply chain configurations that will meet demand across each scenario. Outputs from the techno-economic assessment will be further analysed using qualitative data considering the key political, economic, social, cultural, technical, legal, and environmental constraints. The result will be an iterative modelling process, helping to ensure robust assessment outcomes that will accelerate the growth of Australia’s hydrogen industry.

This methodology, combined with contributions from key stakeholders, will highlight priorities for future infrastructure investment and development of competitive hydrogen supply chains. ”

Patrick Gorr Patrick Gorr Project Director and Hydrogen Market Lead Australasia

Considering stakeholder perspectives

The assessment will be informed by the attitudes and perspectives from across industry, government, community, and research stakeholders. These perspectives will provide an understanding of the many visions for hydrogen and will help guide how the assessment and prioritisation approach will reflect market needs.

We have engaged in 20 interactive themed workshops with over 200 industry and government stakeholders to evaluate the approach through the lens of industry players. One-on-one targeted consultations with senior figures provided a deeper dive into stakeholder viewpoints, investigating potential collaborations, preferences on infrastructure investment and the perceived opportunities and barriers to industry growth. We will also launch a digital survey giving stakeholders the opportunity to provide thoughts and views on the proposed assessment approach.

Infographic with four red circles showing processes Infographic with four red circles showing processes
We have engaged in 20 interactive themed workshops with over 200 industry and government stakeholders

A holistic and wide-ranging engagement process is helping provide nuanced perspectives to inform the assessment as it progresses. ”

Kellie Charlesworth Kellie Charlesworth Project Manager and Hydrogen Market Lead Queensland

A major global player by 2030

Our work will help shape Australia’s hydrogen industry and position Australia as a global player by 2030. The assessment will provide investors with a greater certainty on where infrastructure investment should be prioritised and will have the greatest impact on development of a hydrogen industry. Ultimately, this work will accelerate Australia’s progress towards a clean, innovative, safe, and competitive hydrogen industry and support to the country’s clean energy transition.