Taoyuan International Airport is the largest airport in Taiwan and the eleventh busiest in the world. Terminal 3 is one of the airport’s major expansion projects in response to the rapid growth in passenger volume and economic activities in the Asia-Pacific region.
The project is the largest single investment following Taiwan’s 10 Major Construction Projects and a flagship among the 12 iTaiwan Construction Projects, comprising the new Terminal 3 building, boarding gates, concourses, a multi-function building, a network of service roads, aprons, taxiways and an automatic people mover (APM) system.
The new terminal is located between Terminal 2 and the China Airline Headquarters, with a gloss floor area of 540,000m². It will be developed as a sustainable and intelligent airport, with comprehensive facilities encompassing functions to tourism, shopping, culture and arts to provide a new creative travel experiences.
Arup, in joint venture with British architect Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, Taiwan engineering firm CECI and architect FCA, will provide a full range of services including airport planning, digital service, structural engineering, building services, façade design, building sustainability, fire engineering, security, aviation fuel, lighting and acoustics.
540,000m² project area of the new terminal
45madditional passengers per year
72mlongest roof span
A unique and fluid architecture
The design is inspired by Taiwan’s beautiful landscape and surrounding sea and its natural rhythm and life which combine to create a series of unique interior spaces designed for their individual purposes all protected beneath an elegant hard shell roof. The main roof structure is supported by a series of four-legged towers, called ‘banyan columns’ along the spine of the building.
The freedom of planning within the building is analogous to the earth on which it sits. The ceiling, a soft malleable surface, is of the sky with clouds that roll around and over a landscape of internal building functions, shaping the spaces over which it passes.
Enhancing passenger experience
Our proposal inverts the traditional arrangement of departures over arrivals. It sets the ceiling free from the roof above which gives a spatial experience and level of service unequalled in airport terminal design anywhere in the world. This terminal will be of the highest quality and uniquely identifiable as the gateway to Taiwan which will make it a joy for passengers to use, and a world-class hub in East Asia.
Digitally designing the new terminal
One of the major planning challenges was to determine the maximum demand that the new terminal can accommodate in such a constrained building, while achieving the desired level-of-service. Using the latest digital tools and techniques, our planning and analytical experts were able to simulate and design the flexibility needed for the new terminal.
We analysed passenger and aircraft traffic movements to understand the patterns and composition, and correlate it with the forecast annual values. We then built a detailed 3D simulation model in a collision avoidance environment to fully assess the proposed performance of Terminal 3. Passenger journey was visualised and designed in detailed, integrating a significant number of digital processes such as a technology-based check-in process, advanced security screening, e-gate usage as well as the APM performance.